Diploma in Water & Wastewater Laboratory Technology

OVERVIEW OF THE DIPLOMA IN WATER AND WASTEWATER LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY

The syllabus has been developed on a competency-based approach so that the student is able to acquire knowledge and skills in water and waste water laboratory technology and management. This programme is intended to impart skills, knowledge and attitudes that the student will apply to carry out routine work in water and wastewater analysis laboratories. He/she will be able to prepare and interpret the results competently. 

Objectives of the Diploma in Water and Wastewater Laboratory Technology

Upon completion of  the Water and Wastewater Laboratory Technology   programme, the student should be able to:

a)      Apply  various standard analytical techniques applied in water and wastewater quality analysis

b)      Interpret qualitative and quantitative analytical results and generate reports

c)      Observe safety precautions in the laboratory while performing various tasks and in using analytical instrumentation and equipment.

d)      Acquire attitudes that enhance positive contribution in the development of the community and country at large.

e)      Acquire the necessary academic base for further training and contribute to the development of Science and Technology through creativity and application of the acquired knowledge and skills

f)       Solve water and wastewater problems using the acquired knowledge and skills in problem solving and self reliance in the profession

g)      Communicate effectively on technical matters related to the job and the environment.

Duration of the Diploma Programme

The programme takes three academic years with two graded Industrial attachment sessions in the third semester of the first year and third semester of second year, each lasting 12 continuous weeks. Each academic year consists of 980 hours including theory, practicals and self study. The ratio of practice to theory is 40%: 60%. Industrial attachment is a core component of the programme, consisting 420 hours per session.

Pattern of Attendance

KEWI curriculum is based on a fifteen week semester system with each academic year consisting of three semesters. Students shall attend the first two semesters in each academic year on campus. The third semester of the first year is reserved for Community Service.  Two sessions of mandatory and examinable industrial attachment each lasting at least 12 weeks shall be undertaken in the third semester of the second and third academic years of study shown in Table 2.

Table 2: Pattern of Attendance: Diploma Water and waste water Laboratory Technology

Year

Semester I (15 weeks)

Semester II (15 weeks)

Semester III (12 weeks)

I

Course Work

Course Work

Community Service

II

Course Work

Course Work

Industrial Attachment

III

Course Work

Course Work

Industrial Attachment

Minimum Entry Requirements

The minimum requirements for admission into the Technician Diploma programme in Water and Wastewater Laboratory Technology are as follows:

i.Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education with aggregate mean grade C- (minus), or

ii.An approved equivalent qualification which may be from Kenya or from other countries.

iii. A minimum grade of C – or equivalent in each of the following subjects: English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry or Physical Sciences.

(NB Equation of international academic qualifications shall be done in consultation with the Kenya National Examinations Council)

EXAMINATIONS

General Examination Regulations

 i.Students will sit for written examinations at the end of every semester for all the courses covered in that semester.

 ii.Students in all KEWI campuses shall sit  common semester examinations

iii.All examinations shall be conducted under the authority of the Academic Board as specified in the KEWI Act 2001

iv.Every candidate to be eligible to take KEWI examinations shall pay a non-refundable fee to the Institute in respect for the examination as the governing council shall prescribe from time to time

v.A candidate is eligible for examination upon attaining at least 75% attendance of lectures and 100% of practical sessions which will be assessed by laboratory presence log book. Only students who have registered within the first three (3) weeks of the semester and fulfilled all other requirements shall be eligible for taking KEWI Examinations.

vi.In the event that a student is unable to undertake studies and/or examination, to acquire the stipulated minimum requirements, he/she shall be allowed to defer studies and/or examinations.

vii.Deferral shall be sought through a written application to the Director, Kenya Water Institute. The application shall be tabled before the Academic Board for a final decision to be made on the status of the application.

viii.There shall be Internal and External Examiners of the Institute appointed by the Academic Board upon the recommendation of the Academic Affairs Unit, who shall prepare examinations and examine the students.

ix.Final examination marks shall be agreed upon between the Internal and External Examiners. This then shall be ratified by the KEWI Academic Board.

x. In the event that no such agreement can be reached, the KEWI Academic Board shall make the final decision.

xi. In the case of re-examination, a moderator may be appointed from within or outside the Institute who had no part in teaching the candidate(s) in the course for the Paper under examination.

  xii.No student shall be permitted to proceed to the next year of study without having satisfied all the Examination requirements of that academic year.

 Moderation of Examinations

All the courses in every semester shall be examinable at the end of that semester.  Examination papers shall be set and moderated by the Departmental Panels and external examiners. The departmental panels shall be constituted by the respective Academic Department in charge of the course. There are established guidelines4 for setting and moderation of the examinations.

Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs)

There shall be a minimum of two Continuous Assessment Tests (CATs) for every unit in the course of the semester. In addition there will be other means of continuous assessment including take away assignments, practical reports and term papers where applicable.

Assessment Criteria and Procedures

Ordinary Examination

i.The ordinary examinations shall be graded on the basis of percentage marks consisting of CATs (30%) and final examinations (70%) of the final grade.

ii. The duration of the final examination shall be determined by the respective academic department on the basis of the weighting of the course unit.

iii.Where a course is mainly practical in nature it may be examined wholly or substantially by continuous and/or practical assessment. Grading of the practical courses is as stipulated by the respective course outline in this syllabus.

iv.The pass mark for KEWI examinations is 40% as per the criteria established for each programme of study.

v.A candidate is required to pass all the papers in the end of each year before proceeding to the next year of study.

The total marks scored for each course shall be translated into letter grades as follows:

Grade

Percentage

Remarks

A

B

C

D

F

70% -100%

60% - 69%

50% - 59%

40% - 49%

39%  and Below

Excellent

Good

Average

Below Average

Fail

Other designations related to KEWI examinations shall be as follows:

P: Pass

I: Incomplete

CP: Course in Progress

CT: Credit Transfer

Au: Course under Audit

Special Examinations

If for a reasonable cause a student is unable to sit examinations at the scheduled time, the candidate shall make a written application to be considered for special examinations. Such special examinations shall be conducted concurrently with the supplementary examinations or when the examination is next offered. Grading of special examinations will be done as in the case for the regular examination

Supplementary Examinations

        i.            Supplementary exams for each year will be done once per academic year. This will be in the third month of the third semester. A student may only sit for supplementary examinations once.

      ii.            A grade of D* shall be awarded to the student upon attaining a score of at least 40% in the supplementary exams. Marks exceeding 40% will be recorded as 40% regardless of the student’s score.

    iii.            A student who fails a course in an end of semester examinations shall be allowed to retake the course when next offered.

    iv.            A student who fails a supplementary examination shall be allowed to re-take a failed unit up to two times only.

      v.            When retaking a course offered in the first semester, a student shall be required to continue taking other courses in the second semester within the same academic year.

    vi.            When retaking a course offered in second semester , a student shall be required to pass the course unit before being allowed to proceed to the next year of study

  vii.            A student who wishes to retake a course when his/her group is out of session will be permitted to do so on condition that:

a)      the course is being offered to other students

b)      he/she registers as a student during that session

viii.            A candidate intending to sit a supplementary examination in a particular course will be required to register for the examination after paying the prescribed supplementary examination fees.

    ix.            A student who fails up to 30% of the courses offered in an academic year will sit for a supplementary examination only once.

      x.            A student can be referred in up to 30% percent of the examinable courses in each academic year, but will be required to sit for supplementary examinations in order to proceed to the following year of study.

Discontinuation

A student shall be discontinued on academic grounds if he/she;

        i.            Fails more than fifty percent (50%) of the courses offered in an academic year

      ii.            Fails in the second retake of a course(s)

    iii.            Fails to register for, and/or  attend scheduled classes four weeks or longer without the consent of the Academic Board

    iv.            Commits an examination malpractice4

      v.            Fails to meet any other condition stipulated by the Institute for the award of the Diploma.

Remarking of Examinations

        i.            A student shall be allowed to appeal to the Director through the Deputy Director Academic Affairs and the respective Head of Department or Principal of Campus for remarking, on payment of a non-refundable fee to be determined from time to time by the Governing Council.

      ii.            Remarking shall be done by an examiner (or examiners) other than the original one and shall be moderated by a moderating committee as established by the Academic Departments.

COMMUNITY SERVICE AND INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT

Community Service

At the end of the second semester of the first year of study, students shall identify a relevant water related projects within the community in which they can participate. The community service session is scheduled for the third semester of the first year for a minimum duration of 420 hours. The Institute shall provide the students with guidelines on the nature of the community projects to be undertaken. During the duration of the community service, student shall document their activities and prepare reports for oral presentation in the succeeding semester. Assessment of the reports will be done and a grade awarded.

Industrial Attachment

Each candidate should spend a minimum of 840 practical hours on industrial attachment to satisfy the requirement of the three year technician diploma programme. There are established KEWI Students’ Industrial Attachment Guidelines (20055) for the industrial attachment by the student in the respective Academic Department. KEWI shall facilitate the placement of students in industry through the office of the Deputy Director Academic Affairs.

The Institute shall provide each student proceeding for industrial attachment with a KEWI student’s industrial Attachment   log book (20156). The student shall fill the record of daily assigned activities in the log book. There shall be an assigned evaluator from KEWI, collaborating with a supervisor from industry, to monitor the student’s progress during attachment. Grading of industrial attachment shall be done as per the KEWI grading system (section 6.0).

PROJECT WORK 

Each candidate shall carry out a trade project and a business plan project to satisfy the requirement of third academic year of the technician course. During third year students will carry out a project under the supervision of a Lecturer. The format of writing the project will be formulated by the respective academic department and communicated to the student. A minimum of 12 hours will be spent on orientation to project methodology by a lecturer who shall also be the project supervisor. The Course lecturer shall provide guidance to the student on selection of relevant topics of study and proposal/concept note development in the first semester of the third academic year. The student shall submit his/her project title for evaluation before the end of the first semester of the third academic year. A student who misses to undertake the projects or who scores below the pass mark of 40% will be required to repeat the entire semester.

Summary of Courses per Semester: Diploma in Water and Wastewater Laboratory Technology

 

DWWLT Year 1 Semester I Courses

 

Course Code

Course Name

Hours per Week

Hours per Semester

1.

MMA 1313

Algebra and Trigonometry

3

42

2.

MPH 1312

Physics

2

28

3.

RCH 1311

Inorganic Chemistry

4

56

4.

RLP  1312

Water Laboratory Practice and Management

3

42

5.

WEN 1311

Water supply Technology

3

42

6.

COMS 102

Communication Skills

3

42

7.

MIT 1312

Information Technology

2

28

8.

EME 1311

Mechanical Workshop Technology

3

42

9.

WRE1310

Environmental Science

3

42

10

MMA1323

Calculus I

3

42

11

RSB  1311

Biology

3

42

 

 

TOTAL

32

448

Year 1 Semester 2 Courses

 

Course Code

Course Name

Hours per Week

Hours per Semester

1.

MMA 1324

Calculus II

3

42

2.

RWQ 1334

Water Quality

5

70

3.

RCH  1323

Physical Chemistry

3

42

4.

WRM1320

Geology

2

28

5.

WRM1310

Hydrology

2

28

6.

WEN 1317

Hydraulics I

3

42

7.

WEN 1314

Waste Water Technology I

4

56

8.

RSB   2323

Microbiology I

5

70

9.

MPH1321

Physics Techniques

5

56

 

 

TOTAL

32

434

 DWWLT Year 2 Semester 1 Courses

 

Course Code

Course Name

Hours per Week

Hours per Semester

1.

MMA 2333

Probability and Statistics

3

42

2.

RCH  2344

Chemistry  Techniques

5

70

3.

WRE 2334

Water and Environmental Law

3

42

4.

RCH  2322

Water Chemistry

3

42

5.

RCH   2331

Organic Chemistry I (Hydrocarbons and polymers)

5

70

6.

EME   2321

Electrical Technology I

3

42

7.

RCH  2343

Separation Techniques

5

70

 

 

TOTAL

27

                    378

Year 2 Semester 2 Courses

 

Course Code

Course Name

Hours per Week

Hours per Semester

1.

MMA 2344

Numerical Methods & Power Series

3

42

2.

WRM 2322

Hydrogeology

3

42

3.

RSB  2333

Biological Techniques  I

5

70

4.

MBM 2312

Principles of Management

3

42

5.

WRM2331

Water Resources Management

3

42

6.

RCH 2345

Principles of Spectroscopy

5

70

7.

RCH 2332

Organic Chemistry II (Alcohols, Carbonyl compounds)

5

70

8.

RCH 2341

Environmental Toxicology

3

42

 

 

TOTAL

30

420

DWWLT Year 3 Semester 1 Courses

 

Course Code

Course Name

Hours per Week

Hours per Semester

1.

RCH 3346

Atomic and Molecular Spectroscopy

5

70

2.

WRE 3320

Environmental Management 

3

42

3.

RCH 3342

Electroanalytical Techniques

4

56

4.

RSB  3334

Biological Tech II

5

70

5.

RCH 3339

Quantitative Research Methods

4

56

6.

RCH 3337

Industrial WW Management

5

70

7.

MBM3321

Entrepreneurship and Business Plan

5

70

8.

WRE 3332

Legislation and Ethics for WRM

3

42

 

 

TOTAL

34

476

 Year 3 Semester 2 Courses

 

Course Code

Course Name

Hours per Week

Hours per Semester

1.

MBM 3323

Community Development in WRM

3

42

2.

RCH 3344

Chromatographic Techniques

5

70

3.

WRM 3341

Integrated WRM

3

42

4.

RWQ 3338

Water Quality Management

4

56

5.

RSB 3323

Biochemical Techniques

5

70

6.

WQP 3340

DWWLT Project

5

70

7.

MBM 3324

Project Planning and Management

3

42

 

 

TOTAL

28

392

 

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